Ken Wilber: Integral Theory

Two models of Ken Wilber‘s Integral Theory, Quadrants and Altitude.


Everything has an interior and an exterior as well as an individual and a collective perspective.

Personal Exterior: In the  upper-right quadrant we find the world of individual, exterior things: our material body (including brain) and anything that you can see or touch and observe, our ‘it’ space.

Personal Interior: In the upper-left quadrant we find the world of our individual, interior experiences: our thoughts, emotions, memories, states of mind, perceptions, and immediate sensations, our ‘I’ space.

Collective Interior: In the lower-left quadrant we find the world of our colletive, interior experiences: our shared values, meanings, language, relationships, and cultural background, our ‘we’ space.

Collective Exterior: In the  lower-right quadrant we find the world of collective, exterior things: systems, networks, technology, government, and the natural environment, our ‘its’ space.



Altitude is an Integral approach that is used to measure development. It shows the degree of development in cultures and consciousness, which can be measured by their movement from one to another as they unfold.


Other Theories:

Carl Jung: Individuation Process

David Bohm: Mind and Matter

Jean Carteret: Language and Psyche

Leonard Bernstein: Metaphorical Language

Maslow: Hierarchy of Needs

Spiral Dynamics


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